Apa itu Preposition ?






Apa itu Preposition ?

 

Kata depan ( preposition ) adalah kata yang yang menghubungkan kata benda, kata ganti dan kata lainnya di dalam kalimat yang berfungsi menjelaskan suatu posisi, durasi atau bagian tertentu dari objek yang dijelaskan di kalimat. Biasanya penggunaan kata jenis preposition ini menerangkan hubungan dengan objek yang disebutkan di akhir kalimat.

 

Contoh kalimat :

The book is on the table.   Buku itu berada diatas meja

The book is beneath the table. -Buku itu ada dibawah meja

The book is leaning against the table. – Buku itu bersandar di meja

The book is beside the table. – Buku itu disamping meja

She held the book over the table. – Dia memegang buku itu diatas meja

She read the book during class. – Dia membaca buku itu selama di kelas

 

Kata-kata on, beneath, against, beside, over, during adalah kata jenis preposition yang digunakan pada kalimat-kalimat diatas. Kata-kata tersebut biasa menjelaskan makna berbeda dari tiap kata nya.

Beberapa contoh kata preposition :

 

 "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within," and "without."

 

Perhatikan contoh-contoh kalimat berikut ini yang menjelaskan tentang preposition :

 

The children climbed the mountain without fear.- Anak-anak mendaki gunung tanpa rasa takut.

 

Pada kalimat ini, kata preposisi “without” menjelaskan keadaan dari kata benda (abstract noun) nya yaitu “fear”. Frasa kata depan ( preposition phrase) yang digunakan yaitu “without fear” berfungsi sebagai  keterangan ( adverb) yang menjelaskan bagaimana anak-anak tersebut mendaki.

 

Contoh kalimat lain nya :

The spider crawled slowly along the banister.Laba-laba itu merangkak perlahan di sepanjang pegangan tangga.

 

Kata depan (preposisi) dari kata “along”  Kata depan "along" memperkenalkan frasa kata benda dari "the banister" dan frasa preposisi "along the banister" bertindak sebagai kata keterangan, yang menjelaskan di mana laba-laba tersebut merangkak.

 

Demikian penjelasan singkat mengenai penggunaan kata preposisi ( preposition) ini, Semoga bermanfaat.

 

 
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